package_state

Enforce the state of a package.

⚙️ Compatible targets: Linux

Parameters

NameDocumentation
nameName of the package, or path to a local package if state is present.

This parameter is required.
versionVersion of the package, can be "latest" for latest version or "any" for any version (defaults to "any").

This parameter is optional.
architectureArchitecture of the package, can be an architecture name or "default" (defaults to "default").

This parameter is optional.
providerPackage provider to use, can be "yum", "apt", "zypper", "zypper_pattern", "slackpkg", "pkg", "ips", "nimclient", "snap" or "default" for system default package manager (defaults to "default").

Choices:
  • default
  • yum
  • apt
  • zypper
  • zypper_pattern
  • slackpkg
  • pkg
  • ips
  • nimclient
  • snap

This parameter is optional.
stateState of the package, can be "present" or "absent" (defaults to "present").

Choices:
  • present
  • absent

This parameter is optional.

Example

method: package_state
params:
  architecture: OPTIONAL_VALUE
  state: present
  version: OPTIONAL_VALUE
  name: VALUE
  provider: default

Documentation

These methods manage packages using a package manager on the system.

package_present and package_absent use a new package implementation, different from package_install_*, package_remove_* and package_verify_*. It should be more reliable, and handle upgrades better. It is compatible though, and you can call generic methods from both implementations on the same host. The only drawback is that the agent will have to maintain double caches for package lists, which may cause a little unneeded overhead. These methods will update the corresponding package if updates are available New updates may not be detected even if there are some available, this is due to the update cache that is refresh every 4 hours by default, you can modify this behaviour called updates_cache_expire in rudder global parameter

Package parameters

There is only one mandatory parameter, which is the package name to install. When it should be installed from a local package, you need to specify the full path to the package as name.

The version parameter allows specifying a version you want installed (not supported with snap). It should be the complete versions string as used by the used package manager. This parameter allows two special values:

  • any which is the default value, and is satisfied by any version of the given package
  • latest which will ensure, at each run, that the package is at the latest available version.

The last parameter is the provider, which is documented in the next section.

You can use package_state_options to pass options to the underlying package manager (currently only with apt package manager).

Package providers

This method supports several package managers. You can specify the package manager you want to use or let the method choose the default for the local system.

The package providers include a caching system for package information. The package lists (installed, available and available updates) are only updated when the cache expires, or when an operation is made by the agent on packages.

Note: The implementation of package operations is done in scripts called modules, which you can find in ${sys.workdir}/modules/packages/.

apt

This package provider uses apt/dpkg to manage packages on the system. dpkg will be used for all local actions, and apt is only needed to manage update and installation from a repository.

rpm

This package provider uses yum/rpm to manage packages on the system. rpm will be used for all local actions, and yum is only needed to manage update and installation from a repository.

It is able to downgrade packages when specifying an older version.

zypper

This package provider uses zypper/rpm to manage packages on the system. rpm will be used for all local actions, and zypper is only needed to manage update and installation from a repository.

Note: If the package version you want to install contains an epoch, you have to specify it in the version in the epoch:version form, like reported by zypper info.

zypper_pattern

This package provider uses zypper with the -t pattern option to manage zypper patterns or meta-packages on the system.

Since a zypper pattern can be named differently than the rpm package name providing it, please always use the exact pattern name (as listed in the output of zypper patterns) when using this provider.

Note: When installing a pattern from a local rpm file, Rudder assumes that the pattern is built following the official zypper documentation.

Older implementations of zypper patterns may not be supported by this module.

This provider doesn't support installation from a file.

slackpkg

This package provider uses Slackware's installpkg and upgradepkg tools to manage packages on the system

pkg

This package provider uses FreeBSD's pkg to manage packages on the system. This provider doesn't support installation from a file.

ips

This package provider uses Solaris's pkg command to manage packages from IPS repositories on the system. This provider doesn't support installation from a file.

nimclient

This package provider uses AIX's nim client to manage packages from nim This provider doesn't support installation from a file.

snap

This package provider uses Ubuntu's snap to manage packages on the system This provider doesn't support installation from a file.

Examples

# To install postgresql in version 9.1 for x86_64 architecture
package_present("postgresql", "9.1", "x86_64", "");
# To ensure postgresql is always in the latest available version
package_present("postgresql", "latest", "", "");
# To ensure installing postgresql in any version
package_present("postgresql", "", "", "");
# To ensure installing postgresql in any version, forcing the yum provider
package_present("postgresql", "", "", "yum");
# To ensure installing postgresql from a local package
package_present("/tmp/postgresql-9.1-1.x86_64.rpm", "", "", "");
# To remove postgresql
package_absent("postgresql", "", "", "");

See also : package_present, package_absent, package_state_options